Authoritarian oppression[ edit ] The word oppress comes from the Latin oppressus, past participle of opprimere, "to press against",  "to squeeze", "to suffocate". Such governments oppress the people using restriction, control, terror, hopelessness, and despair. This socioeconomiccultural, political, legal, and institutional oppression hereinafter, "social oppression" probably occurs in every country, culture, and society, including the most advanced democraciessuch as the United States, Japan, Costa Rica, Sweden, and Canada. Taylor  defined social oppression in this way:
Christopher Sonn Identity and oppression 1 Identity and Oppression: The authors would like to thank Isaac Prilleltensky, Irma Serrano-Garcia, Rod Watts, and the anonymous reviewers for their valuable feedback that has helped us express these ideas. Identity and oppression 2 Abstract Oppression operates at various levels and with varying degrees of negativity and groups respond to oppression in markedly different ways.
In this article, qualitative interview data were used to explore issues of identity and oppression from the perspective of coloured South African immigrants in Australia. Of particular importance was the status that the coloured group experienced in South Africa under the Apartheid system, in-between whites and blacks.
From the perspective of the participants, oppression had impacts on identity and highlights the dynamic way in which groups respond to the imposition of race labels.
Participants acknowledged the external construction of the coloured label, but did not accept the imposed racial categorization.
Some did, however, use the assigned label to identify themselves with others. Processes of habituation, accommodation, and relative advantage were identified as dynamics within a broader context of power and privilege that contribute to cultural and psychological marginality and status ambivalence.
These processes must be understood within the historical, social, and political context of the community. What is evident from the data is that the group took up various positions along a continuum of oppressor-oppressed, depending upon the contexts, time, and social and legal relationships involved in the interactions.
We suggest that critical awareness-raising about social and political forces that impact individuals and communities is potentially a useful strategy to combat oppression as the relationships between groups and individuals, and the exercise of oppressive power varies within and between individuals and groups.
Oppression, racism, identity, consciousness-raising, marginality, empowerment. Identity and oppression 3 Identity and Oppression: Differential Responses to an In-between Status While the deleterious psychological effects of colonialism and oppression have been widely discussed e.
Some groups are placed between those wielding power and those with none; they are afforded certain privileges over other oppressed communities. Such a status has considerable implications for individual and community development. In this paper we use data collected from coloured South African immigrants in Australia.
They were asked about their South African communities and experiences in order to identify social and psychological responses arising from their oppression. Research in this area has focused mostly on the compensatory and accommodatory responses to oppression.
A part of the focus in this paper is on the implications of oppression for identity. That is, we mean the social identities that we are ascribed because of our group membership Tajfel,including cultural, racial and ethnic groups.
Identity and oppression 4 Oppression and Human Development Oppression operates at individual and group levels, and people adapt to it in different ways. Much of the existing research demonstrates the negative impacts of oppression: Oppressive social systems can lead to deculturization and cultural estrangement Fanon, a.
Furthermore, oppression interferes with the reproduction of tradition, thus threatening the healthy development of the individual and of the community as a whole Bartky, ; Fanon, a, b; Sloan, Different models of individual and group responses to intercultural contact, which often involves oppression, have been proposed e.
While there are differences within these models, they highlight a set of common responses, including assimilation, accommodation and internalization. Assimilation involves rejecting a minority status in favor of that of the majority, and can include passing, the masking of a true social identity and the appearance of moving into a new group.
Internalization means acceptance of a minority status and it often takes place when groups see no alternatives to an existing system and that system is perceived as legitimate. People come to see themselves in terms of the dominant structure as inferior and powerless Wolf, One of the negative impacts referred to by Fanon was psychic alienation or psychological oppression that reflects internalization.
Although the focus of oppression research is on the impact of unequal power, there is evidence that minorities can, eventually participate in their own oppression Wolf, Wolf described how some become accustomed to, and accept, the oppressive social patterns as normal and inevitable over the passage of time habituation ; others learn to accept and fit into a particular social order because they are forced too accommodation.Response to Oppression Oppression The term suggests the prolonged unjust treatment of a people from those who exercise authority.
The Response The response to oppression in the mid to late 20th and early 21st century opted to suit the society in various ways including tactics .
The significance of seeing race, class, and gender as interlocking systems of oppression is that such an approach fosters a paradigmatic shift of thinking inclusively about other oppressions, such as age, sexual orientation, religion, and ethnicity.
the matrix of domination is structured on several levels. People experience and resist. In a social justice context, oppression is what happens when individuals or groups of people are discriminated against or otherwise treated unjustly, whether by the government, private organizations, individuals, or other groups.
Lately, I’ve been hearing a lot of White people screaming about racism.
I wish these were anti-racist ally White people who were speaking about the prison industrial complex or about systems of privilege and oppression, but no. These are White folks who are claiming that the Obamacare tax on tanning beds is “racist” against White people.
Responses of the caribbean people to oppression and (1) 1. PRESENTED BY: ANISA MALAY HEATHER RAMLAL REBECCA RAMDEEN NIALA SEUDATSINGH RESPONSES OF THE CARIBBEAN PEOPLE TO OPPRESSION AND GENOCIDE 2.
It has been argued that prolonged oppression can lead to internalization of oppressive Identity and oppression 18 systems. Responses to questions about events that shaped the coloured community demonstrated an interesting mix of rejection, acceptance, and co-option of identity labels.