You could be savagely beaten, kicked out of public spaces and private clubs, arrested, fired, expelled from your family, and scorned as a pariah. Today, lesbians and gay men are all but equal, with full marriage rights in view—supported by President Barack Obama in action and words. How did we win so much so fast?
Each, to varying degrees, changed government policy and, perhaps more importantly, changed how almost every American lives today. Why did black and white children attend separate schools? Why were women prevented from holding certain jobs? Why could a person be drafted at 18 but not able to vote until 21?
This questioning inspired people to begin organizing movements to fight against injustice and for equal rights for all people. Instead of Gay rights movement 1960s for a political candidate and then hoping that the elected official would make good policies, these protesters believed in a more direct democracy.
They took direct action—public marches, picketing, sit-ins, rallies, petition drives, and teach-ins—to win converts to their causes and change public policies at the local, state, and federal levels.
They contributed their time, energy, and passion with the hope of making a better, more just society for all. Third, the s and s were periods of relative economic prosperity for most of the country, making economic disparity in the United States more obvious. Fourth, a national culture was emerging that linked all Americans more closely than ever before; television became common and allowed people to witness events taking place in other parts of the country and the world.
Fifth, more students were going to college than before World War II, creating a concentration of concerned and educated activists on the grounds of universities and colleges. To fight widespread unemployment and poverty, President Franklin Roosevelt created the New Deal programs.
For the first time, the federal government assumed a major role in ensuring the welfare of its citizens. Americans began to look to their federal government to provide benefits for the needy and legal protection for the powerless.
People began to pressure all branches of the federal government—the courts, Congress, and the president—to provide remedies to the injustices that plagued the nation.
This new role, most Americans believed, was necessitated by the absence of any other powerful democratic, capitalist nation and the increasing dominance of the Union of Soviet Socialists Republics USSR. The two countries differed in many ways.
Their political philosophies also differed: The United States became dedicated to fighting the spread of Soviet Communism, and for the first time agreed to protect its allies against foreign attack.
It backed up its commitments by creating an awesome military capacity. How can the United States tell African or Asian countries to reject Soviet-style Communism and emulate the American way of life, when racism and inequality are so obviously a part of that way of life?
Americans, they said, need to work toward democracy and equality for all citizens if they want to win the Cold War. Similarly, between and the gross national product of the United States had increased almost percent. As a result, many Americans were better off financially than they had ever been.
Economic security also allowed Americans to question why some groups remained mired in poverty and to focus more attention—and spend more money—on remedying injustices and social problems. Not everyone shared in the new national prosperity, and those who did not began to look for the reasons why.
Discrimination often played a major role in their impoverishment. With inequality so clearly a part of American society, they began to organize and win national attention.
Numbers alone made them important; more than 76 million babies were born during the post-World War II "baby boom. In the early 20th century, most young Americans had moved quickly from childhood to adulthood.
In the s only 1 in 5 Americans graduated from high school, and almost all older teenagers were full-time workers. By the mids, however, nearly 3 out of 4 students finished high school, and about half of those students went on to college.
As a result, by the s, young people stayed with their peers for at least 12 years. College campuses in particular teemed with young people who had the freedom to question the moral and spiritual health of the nation. These young men and women would become a vital component of the social change movements of the s era.
The civil rights movement fought to end long-standing political, social, economic, and legal practices that discriminated against black Americans. It influenced later movements for social change, both by inspiring Americans to fight for change and by using methods of direct action, such as protest marches, rallies, and nonviolent civil disobedience tactics like sit-ins.Bayard Rustin and the Civil Rights Movement [Daniel Levine] on leslutinsduphoenix.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
Best known as the man who organized the Great March on Washington in , Bayard Rustin was a vital force in the civil rights movement from the s through the s.
Rustins's activism embraced the wide range of crucial issues of his time: communism. Freedom Movement Bibliography. See also: Books Written by Freedom Movement Veterans Book Titles Grouped by Subject Film, Videos & Audio Movement-Related Web Links.
The Stonewall riots (also referred to as the Stonewall uprising or the Stonewall rebellion) were a series of spontaneous, violent demonstrations by members of the gay (LGBT) community against a police raid that took place in the early morning hours of June 28, , at the Stonewall Inn in the Greenwich Village neighborhood of Manhattan, New York City.
Gay rights movement: Gay rights movement, civil rights movement that advocates equal rights for gay men, lesbians, bisexuals, and transsexuals; seeks to eliminate sodomy laws barring homosexual acts between consenting adults; and calls for an end to discrimination against gay men and lesbians in employment, credit.
the Gay and Lesbian Rights Movement. in the U.S. The Homophile Years ss · The homophile movement remained small and relatively marginalized.
End of s · Rise of · Influences: civil rights movement, Black Power movement. The gay rights movement is a term referring to myriad organizations, groups, and people broadly fighting for the rights of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgendered people (LGBT).The different segments of this social movement often share related goals of social acceptance, equal rights, liberation, and leslutinsduphoenix.com focus on building specific LGBT communities or working towards sexual.