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Introduction Native Americans long dominated the vastness of the American West. Linked culturally and geographically by trade, travel, and warfare, various indigenous groups controlled most of the continent west of the Mississippi River deep into the nineteenth century.
Spanish, French, British, and later American traders had integrated themselves into many regional economies, and American emigrants pushed ever westward, but no imperial power had yet achieved anything approximating political or military control over the great bulk of the continent.
But then the Civil War came and went and decoupled the West from the question of slavery just as the United States industrialized and laid down rails and pushed its ever-expanding population ever farther west.
Indigenous Americans had lived in North America for over ten millennia and, into the late nineteenth century, perhaps as many asNatives still inhabited the American West.
The United States removed Native groups to ever-shrinking reservations, incorporated the West first as territories and then as states, and, for the first time in its history, controlled the enormity of land between the two oceans. The history of the late-nineteenth-century West is many-sided.
Tragedy for some, triumph for others, the many Carleton university thesis search histories of the American West marked a pivotal transformation in the history of the United States.
No longer simply crossing over the continent for new imagined Edens in California or Oregon, they settled now in the vast heart of the continent. Many of the first American migrants had come to the West in search of quick profits during the midcentury gold and silver rushes.
As in the California rush of —, droves of prospectors poured in after precious-metal strikes in Colorado inNevada inIdaho inMontana inand the Black Hills in While women often performed housework that allowed mining families to subsist in often difficult conditions, a significant portion of the mining workforce were single men without families dependent on service industries in nearby towns and cities.
There, working-class women worked in shops, saloons, boardinghouses, and brothels. Many of these ancillary operations profited from the mining boom: Millions of animals had roamed the Plains, but their tough leather supplied industrial belting in eastern factories and raw material for the booming clothing industry.
Specialized teams took down and skinned the herds.
The infamous American bison slaughter peaked in the early s. The number of American bison plummeted from over ten million at midcentury to only a few hundred by the early s. The expansion of the railroads allowed ranching to replace the bison with cattle on the American grasslands. This s photograph illustrates the massive number of bison killed for these and other reasons including sport in the second half of the nineteenth century.
Photograph of a pile of American bison skulls waiting to be ground for fertilizer, s. The nearly seventy thousand members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints more commonly called Mormons who migrated west between and were similar to other Americans traveling west on the overland trails.
They faced many of the same problems, but unlike most other American migrants, Mormons were fleeing from religious persecution. Mormons believed that Americans were exceptional—chosen by God to spread truth across the world and to build utopia, a New Jerusalem in North America.
However, many Americans were suspicious of the Latter-Day Saint movement and its unusual rituals, especially the practice of polygamy, and most Mormons found it difficult to practice their faith in the eastern United States.
Thus began a series of migrations in the midnineteenth century, first to Illinois, then Missouri and Nebraska, and finally into Utah Territory.CURRICULUM VITAE. Download CV. Kwame Anthony Akroma-Ampim Kusi APPIAH. Professor of Philosophy and Law, New York University.
Laurance S. Rockefeller University Professor of Philosophy and the University Center for Human Values Emeritus, Princeton University. Theses and Dissertations created by Carleton University students.
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Research Groups Carleton Computer Security Lab (CCSL) Carleton's Human Oriented Research in Usable Security Lab (CHORUS) Carleton University Institute for. This is a list of university and college schools of music by country. For the main article about university and college schools of music, see music school.
Brock University is a public research university located in St. Catharines, Ontario, Canada. It is the only university in Canada that is located in a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve, located at the centre of Canada's Niagara Peninsula on . Brock University is a public research university located in St.
Catharines, Ontario, Canada. It is the only university in Canada that is located in a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve, located at the centre of Canada's Niagara Peninsula on the Niagara Escarpment.