Case summary[ edit ] In the case, No. The Movie in broadcasts or paying to have it shown on television within 30 days of the Democratic primaries. Michigan Chamber of Commerce and partially overruled McConnell v. Federal Election Commission
Article I of the Constitution establishes the legislative branch. Article I explains that Congress makes laws. Congress the Senate and the House of Representatives is the legislative branch of the U. Article II of the Constitution establishes the executive branch.
The executive branch enforces the laws that Congress passes.
The executive branch makes sure all the people follow the laws of the United States. The president is the head of the executive branch. The vice president and members of the president's cabinet are also part of the executive branch.
Article III of the Constitution establishes the judicial branch. The judicial branch places the highest judicial power in the Supreme Court. One responsibility of the judicial branch is to decide if government laws and actions follow the Constitution.
This is a very important responsibility. What stops one branch of government from becoming too powerful?
The separation of government into three branches creates a system of checks and balances.
This means that each branch can block, or threaten to block, the actions of the other branches. Here are some examples: In this example, the legislative branch is "checking" the executive. Supreme Court the judicial branch can reject a law passed by Congress the legislative branch.
In this example, the judicial branch is "checking" the legislative branch. This separation of powers limits the power of the government and prevents the government from violating the rights of the people. Who is in charge of the executive branch?
The head of the executive branch is the president. The president is both the head of state and the head of government.
The president also sets national policies and proposes laws to Congress. The president names the top leaders of the federal departments.
When there is a vacancy on the Supreme Court, the president names a new member. This limit on the power of the president is an example of checks and balances. Who makes federal laws? Senate and House of Representatives U. A federal law usually applies to all states and all people in the United States.The tenth amendment gives the state authority that the federal government does not have.
This amendment goes into great detail about the amount of power that the federal gover . A national sales tax is a very bad idea. Avoidance (and cheating) on state sales taxes is rampant. Huge numbers regularly purchase on the internet and avoid state sales taxes.
A Hypertext version of the United States Constitution. Article II - The Executive Branch Note.
Section 1 - The President Note1 Note2. The executive Power shall be vested in . Aug 31, · On February 3rd, , the states ratified the 16th Amendment to the U.S.
Constitution. It reads: "The congress shall have the power to lay and collect taxes on incomes, from whatever source derived, without apportionment among the several States, and without regard to .
Article I Legislative Branch Signed in convention September 17, Ratified June 21, A portion of Article I, Section 2, was changed by the 14th Amendment; a portion of Section 9 was changed by the 16th Amendment; a portion of Section 3 was changed by the 17th Amendment; and a portion of Section 4 was changed by the 20th Amendment.
23rd Amendment Grants the District of Columbia three electors in the Electoral College 24th Amendment Prohibits the charging of a tax (Poll Tax) in order to vote in federal elections 25th Amendment Further clarifies the process of presidential succession 26th Amendment Grants year olds the right to vote 27th Amendment Establishes that laws.