Its 4, words have played a crucial role in limiting government and creating freedom for over years. Why was the Constitution created? The answers to this question seem contradictory:
But before a government can become mighty enough to deserve its own cable channel, it needs some founding principles. To help demystify the origin and nature of American government, let's take a brief look at some governments that came before it.
Way, way, way back even before Sony Playstationsthe ancient Greeks had a lot of time on their hands. When they weren't thinking of sneaky ways to fool the Trojans, or inventing science, they busied themselves by tossing around some pretty neat ideas about governments.
You may have heard of a guy named Aristotle, who lived almost twenty-five hundred years ago. Aristotle came up with a groovy idea called natural law. Basically, Aristotle's theory of natural law states that society should be governed by certain ethical principles. What are ethical principles?
Well, to simplify, these are all the things you should or shouldn't do in a society. Among other things, Aristotle believed that it really wasn't right for a government to disrespect its citizens. So, based on Aristotle's ethical principles, it wasn't right for a government to seize a citizen's land, for instance.
Aristotle's concept of natural law was rather groundbreaking. But, after Aristotle and other ancient Greeks, things were stagnant in government development for hundreds of years. But, when the eighteenth century rolled around, things really started hopping.
A bunch of Europeans started making waves with some revolutionary new ideas. We call this period in history the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries the Age of Enlightenment. During the Age of Enlightenment, philosophers and a handful of other smart guys went around encouraging people to seek alternatives to oppressive governments in other words, those governments that didn't abide by Aristotle's natural law concept.
Heavy thinkers argued a new idea called popular consent. Popular consent asserts that people should be able to participate directly in the governing of their own societies. Makes sense, doesn't it? One of these heavy thinkers was John Locke.
Locke, along with a fellow named Thomas Hobbes, took the idea of popular consent a step further and developed it into what is known as the social contract theory.
The social contract theory compares the relationship between a society and its citizens to parties that enter into a contract. Basically, Locke argued that all individuals are naturally free. Therefore, people are giving their consent to be governed when they become members of a society.
This is an archive of past discussions. Do not edit the contents of this page. If you wish to start a new discussion or revive an old one, please do so on the current talk page. Updates and expert opinion The Alliance for the Arts in Research Universities (a2ru) advances the full range of arts-integrative research. unidas por un lado (es discrimination of arab americans racial profiling bias and stereotypes Mental health a comparison of what the bleep and taming your gremlin two films about the power of ego history including asylum and an overview of the position of. I think that a reading of the Federalist would not lead to the conclusion that the United States is merely a league and that its bonds are not merely commercial, even though I grant you that etymologically "Federal" comes from the Latin for "league" or "compact" and also that the U.S. Constitution is a .
According to Locke and Hobbes, if a society's government breaks this contract by acting improperly, then the people have the right to revolt.
Additionally, the social contract theory holds that people formed governments to preserve life, liberty, property, and to assure justice.
If the government decides to interfere with this, say by laying claim to your CD collection without due process, the contract is broken. The population then has the right to start a kinder, gentler government.
That's pretty much what happened here in the United States. Types of Government After the Revolutionary War, the founding fathers got together to discuss what type of government they wanted to establish. They considered four types: Well, you probably already know which one they picked, but, for the sake of argument, pretend you don't.
We know they didn't choose a monarchy, but what is a monarchy anyway? A monarchy is a form of government in which hereditary rulers people who share the same bloodline better known as kings and queens, wield absolute power over everybody.
That means that the kings and queens can pretty much do whatever they want.
Well, since the founders knew the monarchy thing didn't really fly in the original American colonies, they decided against a monarchy.
They also considered oligarchy. An oligarchy consists of a body of individuals possessing high levels of wealth, social or military status, or achievement.
These elite guys and gals pretty much rule everything and everyone. There was also aristocracy to consider. Aristocracy is rule by a privileged few.
As nice as monarchies, oligarchies, and aristocracies may sound at least to those lucky enough to be in power! So, the founding fathers set up a democracy. A democracy is a form of government in which the people hold the power to rule themselves.Articles of Confederation () the document that created the first central government for the United States (the nation's first constitution); it was replaced by the Constitution in What issue led to the delay of the ratification of the Articles of Confederation?
Essentially, the Articles of Confederation created a league of friendship among the states, who, aside from banding together during the war for independence, had remained mostly independent.
So, in conclusion, the Constitution began by using the Articles of Confederation to create a stronger centralized government. Each state had their own interpretation of the document and the varying lifestyles of the framers and citizens delayed ratification time after time.
The Articles of Confederation. The Continental Congress wrote the Articles of Confederation during the Revolutionary War. The articles were written to give the colonies some sense of a unified government. Once the thirteen colonies became the thirteen states, however, each one began to act alone in its own best interest.
Articles of Confederation pl n (Historical Terms) the agreement made by the original 13 states in establishing a confederacy to be known as the United States of America; replaced by the Constitution of Articles of Confederation The constitution which created the United States of America by a meeting of Congress in Effective This is an archive of past discussions.
Do not edit the contents of this page. If you wish to start a new discussion or revive an old one, please do so on the current talk page.